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What is the difference between temporary and long-term prostheses in china
What's the difference between temporary and long-term prostheses in china? There are many types of prostheses in china, such as shell type and skeleton type, according to the structure, and temporary and long-term prostheses according to the installation time. What's the difference between the latter two? I'll show you.
Temporary products can also be called early postoperative products, which generally refer to the products installed by amputees 2 to 3 weeks after the operation and after the wound is basically healed and removed. Through this behavior, it helps to reduce the psychological burden of patients, and at the same time, it can help patients adapt to the product as early as possible. But because it is temporary, it may need to be replaced later, so it is recommended to listen to the advice of professionals and install appropriate auxiliary equipment.
In contrast, long-term prostheses can also be called formal prostheses in china. Most of them are installed 8 to 10 weeks after amputation, which can help to shape the stumps, and the use time is relatively long. In addition, when wearing the product, we need to actively cooperate with the personnel to carry out rehabilitation training, so as to recover the ability of life self-care earlier.
Different products, due to different structures and functions, will be suitable for different patients. When patients choose, if they want to avoid secondary injury to their bodies, they should pay attention to the selection of appropriate and cost-effective products, at the same time, do a good job in the cleaning and sanitation of disabled limbs, away from dangerous goods and so on.
Prosthesis, also known as "prosthesis", is an artificial limb used by amputees to compensate for some functions of the damaged limb, including upper limb prosthesis and lower limb prosthesis. Most of them are made of aluminum plate, wood, leather, plastic and other materials. Their joints are made of metal parts. Now titanium alloy and carbon fiber are the main materials in prosthetic field. The following small series for you to explain the common problems of the prosthesis.
Model mismatch: the model selection of the finished rehabilitation brace is very important, too large and too small will affect the treatment effect. Therefore, before use, it is necessary to strictly follow the wearing steps. After wearing, it is required to confirm that the purpose of the brace prescription is achieved before the wearing process is completed. For the brace that needs to be taken and made, special medical treatment should be carried out at the place where the skin is broken, the place where the bone is rough, and the place where the important nerves and blood vessels are distributed.
Complications after minimally invasive surgery of lower extremity
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): it occurs frequently in obese patients over 40 years old, and it is most common in those over 60 years old. After minimally invasive surgery, ankle pump training, straight leg raising training and active lower limb muscle strength training are all effective measures to prevent DVT.
Incision infection: it is very rare. When minimally invasive surgery and incision surgery are performed at the same time, special attention should be paid to aseptic operation to avoid contamination of surgical field and incision by intra-articular perfusion fluid. The infection after minimally invasive surgery is usually superficial skin infection. Keep the drainage unobstructed, and routine antibacterial treatment is enough.
Exudation of joint fluid: after operation, patients can choose compression bandage such as elastic socks to prevent the exudation of joint flushing fluid and exudate. The reaction joint swelling, pain and fever during operation are mostly caused by local bleeding and inflammatory exudate. It usually occurs 24-48 hours after operation. If it occurs, the brace can be loosened properly, local compression can be avoided, and the doctor shall be informed in time to handle it. If the brace needs to be removed due to the local situation of limbs, the doctor must be contacted, and the temporary brake should be changed if necessary. In the reconstruction of anterior and posterior crisscrossal bands, bone tunnel must be drilled. If the operation time of beginners is long, the joint perfusion fluid may penetrate into the superficial layer of the deep fascia of the leg, resulting in postoperative swelling. Attention should be paid to the observation, which is different from incision infection.
Fixture failure: in the process of using the fixture, the occurrence of this situation shall be strictly eliminated, and the untimely and careful inspection shall be carried out in time. If there is any part of the device loose, falling off, or the auxiliary buckle damaged, etc., they shall not be delivered for use. The inspection failure shall be one of the contents of daily rounds and follow-up, and the problems found shall be solved in time.
Patient's self removal of brace: due to the small trauma of minimally invasive surgery of the joint and light postoperative response, patients sometimes think that the injury has healed, and self removal of brace often leads to failure of surgery or serious joint reaction (pain, swelling). Therefore, before wearing the brace, it should be introduced in detail to explain the importance of the application of the brace and the wearing requirements, so as to obtain the cooperation of the patients.