The first time to install prostheses need to pay attention to what matters
What matters does the first time that deformity patient installs prosthesis need to notice? After the new prosthesis is installed, the patient's mood will fluctuate greatly, and they will have better expectations for the new life, but they will have some worries about whether they can use the prosthesis well. The first time you use a prosthesis, you will feel so high that you can't hold the center of gravity. The main reason for this phenomenon is that you have never used a prosthesis or have not used a prosthesis for a long time. The whole central nervous system of the brain has not received the signal of walking ability and method of the prosthesis.
Residual limb does not have any experience of walking to prosthesis, because this is the first time when using prosthesis the state of mind should not be too fidgety, the stride length should be small, should get used to the component of prosthesis, let it become a part of the body. The footplate landing of the prosthetic is different from the sound footplate landing. When the sound footplate landing faces the uneven ground, the sensory nerve endings of the footplate are sent to the motor center of the brain with biological electricity. The brain will immediately make instructions to adjust the footplate state. When the prosthetic foot falls to the ground, the brain cannot receive any information and can only rely on the stump to contact. The speed and sensitivity of prosthesis installation are much lower, so in the beginning of the exercise, upstairs or uphill, the sound leg or the strength of artificial leg to go up first; When going down the stairs or down the hill, the opposite is true.
The beginning installs prosthesis, must step by step, the drill of the first day, undertake training moderately, cannot be carried out too hastily, if have no painful feeling the next day can continue to drill. When discover bearing place suffers when serious attrition is painful, take off prosthetic limb immediately, some cool oil is daubed in painful place, if skin is worn out, should change to have the ointment of the sex that does not stimulate. After waiting for redness and swelling to disappear, can increase the intensity that trains appropriately and frequency. The internal feeling cavity of the prosthesis can be washed with warm water. Water temperature should not be too high to avoid deformation. Traditional prosthetic sockets are mostly made of leather and can be swabbed with a wet towel soaked in soapy water. According to the requirements of the container, it is necessary to dry all the clothes before wearing. Suction feeling cavity and skin touch directly. If bear cavity exterior is not clean, can increase the risk of stump skin infection.
Check the fixing screws and rivets of knee joint, ankle shaft screw and belt on time and tighten them in time. When the metal shaft is not sensitive or noise, should be promptly added lubricating oil. After wet should be timely dry, and filled with oil to prevent rust. The power and electrical system of the emg prosthesis prevents moisture, shock, and adhesion. About the electric hand of messy and fine, should seek professional repair personnel. When there is abnormal sound, indicate that the component of the prosthesis is damaged, should promptly identify the cause, carry out appropriate protection and maintenance, when necessary in the prosthesis rehabilitation for correction. Insist on clean appearance inside body cavity: when amputee limb wears artificial limb, body cavity is in moist and hot condition. The plastic parts in the prosthetic structure shall not be touched with acid, alkali, high temperature, organic solvents, or hard objects, so as to prevent the prosthetic from being corroded, stained, dissolved and broken, and shorten the life of its routine use. The above is the first time to install the training and use of prosthetic matters, for residual limb patients must pay attention to cleaning and maintenance, and in the training, timely check whether there is wear residual limb, if there is immediately remove the prosthesis, deal with the wear place.